Science

Science in St Ann’s school is about developing children’s ideas in order to enable them to make sense of the world in which they live. We do this through whole class teaching, practical investigation and using and applying process skills.

Our aims in teaching science include:

  • helping develop and extend our children’s scientific concept of the world
  • helping our children acquire an understanding of scientific ideas
  • providing our children with an enjoyable experience of science, so that they will develop a deep and lasting interest and may be motivated to study science further
  • preparing our children for life in a scientific and technological world
  • fostering concern about, and caring for, the environment.

 

We place great emphasis on investigative skills in science.  It is important that children understand scientific methods and learn to conduct fair tests with accuracy.  We believe that children understand scientific concepts more effectively if they have practical experience of undertaking experiments.

When “working scientifically,” our children learn how to make comparisons and identify similarities and differences; make careful observations and draw conclusions from their observations; make predictions and suggest questions that can be tested; plan and carry out investigations with fair tests; collect evidence, present results and draw conclusions.

 

Our children’s learning is enhanced through a variety of science “experiences” throughout the year. These include:

  • Science Shows and demonstrations
  • Hen life cycle experience
  • Butterfly life cycle experience
  • Science themed school trips
  • Science afternoon at Loreto Grammar School

 

Curriculum Overview

 

Year

Autumn 1

Autumn 2

Spring 1

Spring 2

Summer 1

Summer 2

Foundation Stage

Nursery and Reception

Animals, including humans (Keeping healthy)

Seasons – Autumn

Weather in autumn

Plants (Leaves)

Seasons – Winter

Weather in winter

Ice

Seasons – Spring

Weather in spring

Plants – planting seeds and observing growth

Seasons – Summer

Weather in summer

Animals, including Humans (Growth & Health)

Key Stage 1

1

Seasonal Changes

Weather

Everyday Materials

 

Plants

Animals, including Humans

 

2

Uses Of Everyday Materials

 

Plants

Animals, including Humans

Living things and their Habitats

 

Key Stage 2

3

Rocks

Forces and Magnets

Plants

Animals, including Humans

Light

Revision and Assessments

4

States of Matter

Electricity

Living things and their Habitats

Animals, including Humans (Teeth)

Sound

Revision and Assessments

5

Properties and Changes of Materials

Earth and Space

Forces

Animals, including Humans (Life Cycles)

Animals, including Humans

Revision and Assessments

6

Electricity

Evolution and Inheritance

Animals, including Humans

Living things and their Habitats

Light

Revision and Assessments

 

Working Scientifically – Investigations by Topic

Year

Topic and Question to be Investigated

Foundation Stage

Seasons - What are the signs of the four seasons?

Plants - What can you see? (observing growing plants/ flowers) Do seeds need water to begin to grow? How many different types of leaf can you find?

Animals - Where do butterflies come from? What do butterflies eat? What hatches out of an egg? (Chicks investigation)

Year 1

Seasons - Which season is the warmest? Which season is the coldest? Which season has the most rainfall?

Living things and their Habitats - Which animals live in which habitats?

Everyday Materials - Which materials are absorbent? Which materials are waterproof?

Plants - Do plants change over time? Can you find a garden plant, a wild plant and a tree?

Year 2

Uses of Everyday Materials - Which materials can be twisted, stretched, bent? Can all materials change shape? How can paper be used to make a bridge to hold a toy car?

Animals including Humans - Which type of exercise makes you most out of breath?

Plants - What do plants need to stay healthy to grow? Do seeds need soil to germinate?

Living things and their Habitats - Conduct a survey to compare shaded and sunny habitats.

Year 3

Rocks - Which type of rock is the hardest? Which rocks are permeable/impermeable?

Light - Which colour reflects the most light? Does the size of a shadow change throughout the day?

Magnets - Which materials are magnetic? Which coins are magnetic?

Motion and Forces - Which surface has the greatest friction? Push and pulls survey in the classroom.

Plants - Do plants need light to grow? Which type of soil do plants grow best in?

Animals including Humans - Which foods contain the greatest amount of fat/sugar?

Year 4

Electricity - Which materials conduct electricity? Can you make a circuit from playdough?

States of Matter - Are all liquids runny?

Sound - Can we block sound? How can we change a sound?

Can you make a circuit from playdough?

Year 5

Earth and Space - Can we track the sun?

States of Matter - Do all solids dissolve? How do rockets lift off?

Animals - Why do birds lay eggs?

Motion and Forces - How do levers help us?

Year 6

Light - How does the distance between a light source and an object affect the size of a shadow?

Animals including Humans - Why do Antarctic animals have a thick layer of fat under their skin? What effect does exercise have on the body?

Electricity - How does voltage affect the output in an electrical circuit?

 

 

Biology Curriculum Progression

 

Chemistry Curriculum Progression

 

Physics Curriculum Progression

 

 

Please click on the link below to see some of the activities that have taken place during the last year:

 

Travelling Science Show - Infants

Travelling Science Show - Juniors

 

At St. Ann’s we are fortunate to have extensive grounds which can be used in practical science investigations which might include: growing plants; studying mini-beast habitats; observing plants and trees; studying shadows and monitoring seasonal changes in the weather.

 

Our Science Curriculum by Year Group

Foundation Stage

The Foundation Stage, through the learning area of Knowledge and Understanding of the World, provides the foundation for later work in Science.

Teachers give our children the best opportunities for developing their scientific concept of the world by providing:

  • activities based on first-hand experience that encourage exploration, observation, problem solving, prediction, critical thinking, decision making and discussion
  • a rich learning  environment with a wide range of indoor and outdoor activities that stimulate children’s interest and curiosity.

 

 

Key Stage 1

In Key Stages One and Two the teaching of science is based on the National Curriculum teaching and learning objectives. The topics taught in each year group are summarised below:

Year 1

Seasonal changes:

  • observe changes across the seasons and describe weather associated with the seasons.

Everyday Materials:

  • identify and name a range of common materials eg wood, metal
  • describe the physical properties of everyday materials eg hard/soft.

Plants:

  • identify and name common plants
  • describe the basic structure of plants.

Animals including humans:

  • identify and name a range of animals
  • identify carnivores, herbivores and omnivores.

Year 2

Plants:

  • observe and describe how seeds and bulbs grow into plants
  • investigate the conditions for plants to grow and stay healthy.

Animals including humans:

  • investigate and describe the basic needs of animals
  • describe the importance of nutrition and exercise for humans.

Uses of everyday materials:

  • investigate the suitability of everyday materials for particular uses
  • find out how the shape of some objects can be changed eg by stretching.

Living things and their habitats:

  • investigate the differences between things that are living, dead and things that have never been alive
  • identify that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited
  • describe how different habitats provide for the basic needs of different kinds of plants and animals
  • describe how animals obtain their food from plants and other animals.

 

Key Stage 2

Year 3

Animals including humans:

  • identify that animals get nutrition from what they eat
  • identify different food groups and investigate healthy food choices
  • identify that some animals have skeletons and muscles.

Rocks and Soil:

  • compare and group different kinds of rocks
  • recognise that soils are formed from rocks and organic matter
  • describe how fossils have formed.

Forces and Magnets:

  • compare how things move on different surfaces
  • observe and investigate magnetic force.

Plants:

  • identify and describe the different parts of flowering plants
  • study why plants have leaves
  • investigate what plants need to grow.

Light:

  • recognise that light is needed to see things and that light is reflected from surfaces
  • investigate shadows
  • recognise the danger of sunlight.

Year 4

Animals including humans:

  • describe the human digestive system
  • identify the different types of teeth in humans
  • identify producers, predators and prey in food chains.

States of Matter:

  • compare and group materials, according to whether they are solids, liquids or gases
  • investigate the changing state of materials when cooled or heated
  • investigate the water cycle.

Sound:

  • identify how sounds are made
  • investigate the vibrations that produce sound
  • investigate changes in sound.

Electricity:

  • identify the common appliances that run on electricity
  • construct and investigate simple circuits
  • investigate common conductors and insulators.

Year 5

Life Cycles:

  • describe the differences in life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird
  • describe the reproduction process in some plants and animals.

 

Earth and Space:

  • describe the movement of the Moon to the Earth and the planets relative to the Sun
  • explain day and night in relation to the rotation of the Earth.

Properties and changes of materials:

  • compare and group everyday materials according to their properties
  • know that some materials dissolve and describe how to recover a substance from a solution.
  • decide how mixtures of materials might be separated eg through sieving, evaporating
  • give reasons for the particular uses of everyday materials
  • explore reversible and non-reversible changes in everyday materials eg melting, burning.

Forces:

  • understand that objects fall towards the Earth due to the force of gravity
  • identify the effects of air resistance, water resistance and friction

Year 6

Electricity:

  • associate the brightness of a lamp or the volume of a buzzer with the number and voltage of cells used in the circuit
  • answer questions about what happens when they try different components in a circuit
  • represent a simple circuit using recognised symbols.

Light:

  • explore the way that light behaves including light sources, reflections and shadows
  • recognise that light travels in straight lines and that objects reflect light
  • study the structure of the eye
  • explain that we see things because light travels from light sources to our eyes or from light sources to objects and then to our eyes
  • explain why shadows have the same shape as the object casting them.

Animals including humans:

  • identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system
  • study the structure of the heart
  • recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle
  • describe how nutrients and water are transported within animals.

Living things and their habitats:

  • describe how living things are classified into broad groups eg vertebrates, invertebrates
  • give reasons for classifying plants and animals based on specific characteristics.

 

Evolution and inheritance:

  • recognise that living things have changed over time
  • identify how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environment
  • recognise that adaptation may lead to evolution.

 

Useful Websites include:

 

BBC Bitesize Key Stage 1

BBC Bitesize Key Stage 2

Woodlands

 

Look out for events at the Manchester Museum of Science and Industry: